Joshua Goldstein, emeritus professor of international relations and Steven Pinker, professor of psychology identify inconvenient truths for the environmental movement. "The first is that, until now, fossil fuels have been good for humanity. The industrial revolution doubled life expectancy in developed countries while multiplying prosperity twenty fold. As industrialization spreads to the developing world, billions of people are rising out of poverty in their turn — .. .. .. becoming better educated, and having fewer babies — thanks to cheap fossil fuels." They label Exxon Mobil a hateful enemy. Which are the real hateful enemies for people in the Third World: Exxon Mobil, Greenpeace, the Sierra Club?"