(Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Daniel Jassby) USofA - Fusion Reactors, Not What They Are Cracked Up To Be04.Aug.2020
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Daniel Jassby: Fusion reactors have long been touted as the “perfect” energy source. Proponents claim that when useful commercial fusion reactors are developed, they would produce vast amounts of energy with little radioactive waste, forming little or no plutonium byproducts that could be used for nuclear weapons. But there is a hitch: While it is, relatively speaking, rather straightforward to split an atom to produce energy (which is what happens in fission), it is a “grand scientific challenge” to fuse two hydrogen nuclei together to create helium isotopes (as occurs in fusion).
Ken Haapala, SEPP, The Science and Environmental Policy Project: Richard Lindzen’s paper summarizes what we know with reasonable certainty, what we suspect, and what we know is incorrect about climate change, the greenhouse effect, temperature trends, climate modeling, ocean chemistry, and sea level rise. Key parts included: 1) The climate system is never in equilibrium. 2) The core of the system consists of two turbulent fluids interacting with each other and unevenly heated by the sun. 3) The two most important substances in the greenhouse effect are water vapor and clouds, which are not fully understood. 4) A vital component of the atmosphere is water in its liquid, solid, and vapor phases and the changes in phases with immense dynamic consequences. 5) Doubling carbon dioxide, (CO2), creates a 2% disturbance to the normal flow of energy, which is similar to the disturbance created by changes in clouds and other natural features. 6) Temperatures in the tropics have been extremely stable. Temperature differences between the tropics and polar regions are extremely important.
Edward Calabrese, Professor of Toxicology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst: This introduction is by John D Dunn, MD. The National Academy of Science research project on effects of radiation refused to review and include the research that showed that Japanese atomic bomb survivors did not suffer mutations -- in other words, the Linear No Threshold (LNT) claims about radiation caused mutations were not just wrong, they were based on previous fraudulent fruit fly research by Muller that hid faulty findings and bad methods. Muller got his Nobel and took off on his project to promote Linear No Threshold radiation biophysics while suppressing the evidence that he was wrong. Muller had a chance to wave his Nobel and influence a decade of radiation biophysics and then, to make it worse, general toxicology with his goofy LNT song and dance. The National Academy of Science committees were complicit in the deception.
John Eidson, writer, analyst for energy, climate change, government policies, retired electrical engineer, independent voter: Many pro-nuclear advocates insist that the whole world can have nuclear power in fifty years because Belgium, Canada, China, Eastern Europe, France, Germany, Japan, Taiwan, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK, the USA have had considerable success. This does not consider that the nuclear design and construction industry in the West looks like some of America's abandoned inner cities, America's nuclear power plans have been destroyed by anti-nuclear extremists like John Holdren, Thomas Cochran and Frank von Hippel, America's regulatory agencies aim to make nuclear as expensive as possible and what began as Atoms For Peace ignores that throughout history mankind has been out to kill and conquer. New designs should include this aspect. John Eidson describes the situation in the United States since the 1970s.